Annual Report 2020

2.2 Net revenue

The Alpiq Group’s net revenue comprises revenue from contracts with customers (IFRS 15) and income from energy and financial derivatives (IFRS 9).

2020: Disaggregation of net revenue

CHF million

Generation Switzerland

Generation International

Digital & Commerce

Group Centre & other companies

Total

Revenue from energy and grid services

148

135

3,487

 

3,770

Revenue from digital energy services and e-mobility

 

 

11

1

12

Revenue from other services

15

 

 

 

15

Total revenue from contracts with customers

163

135

3,498

1

3,797

Income from energy and financial derivatives

1

 

87

20

108

Net revenue from third parties

164

135

3,585

21

3,905

2019: Disaggregation of net revenue (adjusted)

CHF million

Generation Switzerland

Generation International

Digital & Commerce 1

Group Centre & other companies 1

Total

Revenue from energy and grid services

119

196

3,736

 

4,051

Revenue from digital energy services and e-mobility

 

 

8

1

9

Revenue from other services

15

 

1

 

16

Total revenue from contracts with customers

134

196

3,745

1

4,076

Income from energy and financial derivatives

28

1

3

– 9

23

Net revenue from third parties

162

197

3,748

– 8

4,099

1 The internal organisational and management structure was adjusted in 2020. As a result, Oyster Lab was moved from Digital & Commerce to the Group Centre. The disaggregation of net revenue for 2019 has been adjusted for comparability.

Accounting policies

Alpiq generally satisfies its performance obligations as principal. However, for performance obligations in connection with the transmission of energy, Alpiq acts as agent in all represented markets. Where Alpiq acts as agent, revenue is recognised net of the corresponding costs.

Revenue from energy and grid services

Revenue from energy supply from contracts with customers (“own use exception” pursuant to IFRS 9) is generally recognised over the period agreed for completion of performance. However, for energy supplies, Alpiq has a right to consideration that directly corresponds to the value to the customer of the energy already supplied. For such cases, Alpiq exercises the practical expedient and recognises revenue in the amount that can be billed. In single contracts, Alpiq sells the proportionate right in energy production of a power plant. Revenue from these contracts is recognised over the period that corresponds to the timing of the costs.

Revenue from standing ready to deliver ancillary services is recognised on a straight-line basis over the period in which Alpiq is available to render these services. Revenue for called ancillary services is recognised when it is delivered.

Contractual penalties – for example, for deviations between the delivered and contractually agreed-upon quantity of energy – represent a variable component in energy sales, which are only included in estimating the transaction price when they are highly probable, which normally can only be determined towards the end of the delivery period. The point in time when such variable price components are recognised requires significant judgment.

Revenue from digital energy services and e-mobility

Revenue from the e-mobility and energy management business is recognised upon successful installation of the respective device. Any costs incurred prior to revenue recognition are recognised under inventories and any prepayments received under contract liabilities (advances from customers). Any services in this area beyond installation are identified as separate performance obligations. The transaction price for these services is recognised in revenue when the customer receives the economic benefit. Revenue from projects is recognised over the period for completion of performance; progress is primarily measured using a cost-based input method. Revenue which cannot yet be billed is recognised in the balance sheet as contract assets, less any prepayments. In case of an excess of prepayments, revenue which cannot yet be billed is recognised as contract liabilities.

The method for determining project process is at the discretion of Alpiq. Under the cost-based input method, the revenue recognised best reflects the service already rendered to the customer. Applying this method requires certain estimates and forecasts. As a result, the expected additional costs in particular until the project is completed, which influence the degree of completion, are subject to significant uncertainty. Furthermore, estimated total costs may deviate from costs actually incurred upon the project being completed. Under project controlling, the cost estimates are reviewed regularly and adjusted if necessary. The adjustments relate to the expected total costs, the degree of completion and therefore also the amount of revenue already recognised.

Revenue from other services

Revenue from other services from contracts with customers is recognised, on the one hand, over the time period over which the performance obligation is satisfied on a straight-line basis. On the other hand, Alpiq applies the following practical expedient: if Alpiq has a right to consideration that directly corresponds to the value to the customer, then revenue is recognised in the amount that can be billed.

Practical expedients applied regarding revenue from contracts with customers

Alpiq exercises the practical expedient provided in IFRS 15 and, wherever possible, opts not to disclose the remaining performance obligations at the end of the reporting period. After applying this practical expedient, the remaining performance obligations disclosed in continuing operations at the end of the reporting period are not significant.

Alpiq applies the practical expedient and does not capitalise incremental costs of obtaining a customer contract, as far as these costs would be amortised within one year. Due to the application of this practical expedient, Alpiq did not disclose any significant costs of this type.

Income from energy and financial derivatives

Energy and financial derivatives are measured at fair value through profit or loss. Changes in value in energy derivatives are disclosed in net revenue in the period in which they occur. Revenue from trading in energy and financial derivatives comprises realised net gains and losses from settled contracts and unrealised changes in the fair value of unsettled contracts. For more information on measurement, please refer to note 3.2.

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